The different types of goldfish

types of goldfish ranchu goldfish


Goldfish, with their shimmering scales and graceful movements, have captivated the hearts of fish enthusiasts for centuries. These beloved aquatic creatures come in a wide range of colors, patterns, and body shapes, making them a popular choice for aquariums and ponds worldwide. In this article, we will embark on an exciting journey through the diverse world of goldfish, exploring their different types and discovering their unique characteristics. Whether you are a seasoned goldfish aficionado or a curious beginner, let us dive into the mesmerizing realm of these enchanting aquatic pets.

  1. Common Goldfish (Carassius auratus):

The Common Goldfish, also known as the Comet Goldfish, is one of the most recognizable and widely known types. It features a streamlined body, long flowing fins, and a single-tail. Common Goldfish come in various shades, including vibrant orange, red, and yellow. They are well-suited for outdoor ponds due to their hardiness and adaptability to different water conditions.

  1. Fantail Goldfish:

With its elegant double-tail and round, stout body, the Fantail Goldfish is a true beauty to behold. This variety boasts a wide range of colors, from metallic gold to vibrant red, white, black, and even calico. The Fantail’s flowing fins create a mesmerizing display as they gracefully move through the water. They are generally suited for indoor aquariums due to their delicate fins, which are prone to damage in rougher outdoor conditions.

  1. Ryukin Goldfish:

Originating from Japan, the Ryukin Goldfish showcases a distinctive hump-like feature behind its head. This hump, known as the “dorsal hump,” adds an intriguing charm to its appearance. Ryukins come in a multitude of colors and patterns, including solid red, red and white, and even calico. With their round, egg-shaped bodies and flowing double-tails, Ryukins are prized for their beauty and grace.

  1. Oranda Goldfish:

Recognized for their unique head growth, called a “wen,” Oranda Goldfish possess a fleshy, raspberry-like growth on their heads. This wen can vary in size and shape, adding an extraordinary aspect to their appearance. Orandas come in a spectrum of colors and combinations, including red, black, blue, and red-and-white patterns. Their flowing fins and prominent head growth make them a favorite among goldfish enthusiasts.

  1. Black Moor Goldfish:

The Black Moor Goldfish is renowned for its striking appearance, characterized by its velvety black scales and protruding eyes. This variety has a rounded body and delicate flowing fins. Despite its name, Black Moors can also come in other colors, such as metallic gold or red. However, it is their dramatic black coloration that sets them apart and makes them a visually stunning addition to any aquarium.

  1. Telescope Goldfish:

With its protruding eyes that resemble a telescope, this captivating variety is appropriately named the Telescope Goldfish. These eyes, often referred to as “demekin eyes,” give the fish a unique and endearing appearance. Telescope Goldfish come in various colors, including metallic gold, red, white, and even multi-colored variations. Their graceful movements and distinctive eyes make them a favorite among goldfish enthusiasts.

  1. Bubble Eye Goldfish:

The Bubble Eye Goldfish is an enchanting variety known for its fluid-filled, balloon-like sacs beneath its eyes. These sacs, called “eye bubbles,” create a captivating and whimsical effect as the fish glides through the water. Bubble Eye Goldfish typically have metallic scales and flowing fins, and they come in an array of

colors, including red, orange, black, and calico. Due to their delicate eye bubbles, Bubble Eye Goldfish require special care and attention to ensure their well-being.

  1. Lionhead Goldfish:

The Lionhead Goldfish, originating from China, is named for its distinctive head growth, which resembles the mane of a lion. This head growth, known as a “wen,” can develop into a fluffy hood covering the fish’s entire head. Lionheads come in a variety of colors, including red, orange, black, and even metallic shades. Their compact, egg-shaped bodies and flowing double-tails make them a sought-after choice for goldfish enthusiasts.

  1. Pearlscale Goldfish:

As the name suggests, Pearlscale Goldfish exhibit a unique scalloped scale pattern that resembles tiny pearls. These round, protruding scales give them a charming and ornamental appearance. Pearlscale Goldfish come in various colors, such as metallic gold, red, black, and even calico. Their compact body shape and double-tail make them visually striking additions to aquariums.

  1. Telescope Butterfly Goldfish:

The Telescope Butterfly Goldfish is a captivating variety known for its stunning butterfly-like fins and protruding eyes. It combines the characteristics of the Telescope Goldfish with the elongated, graceful fins of the Butterfly Goldfish. The elongated fins create a magnificent trailing effect as the fish swims, while the telescope eyes add an element of charm. Telescope Butterfly Goldfish come in a wide range of colors and patterns, offering endless possibilities for aquarium enthusiasts.

  1. Shubunkin Goldfish:

The Shubunkin Goldfish, originating from Japan, is prized for its colorful and vibrant appearance. It features a slender body, single-tail, and splashes of metallic scales in shades of blue, red, orange, and black. The patterns on the scales can vary, creating a mesmerizing and ever-changing display. Shubunkins are known for their hardiness, making them well-suited for both indoor and outdoor environments.

  1. Celestial Eye Goldfish:

The Celestial Eye Goldfish is an extraordinary variety known for its upward-facing eyes, which appear as if they are gazing at the sky. This unique feature sets them apart from other goldfish breeds. Celestial Eye Goldfish have a rounded body shape, flowing fins, and come in various colors, including metallic gold, red, black, and even calico. Due to their unique eye orientation, they require careful attention to ensure their vision and well-being.


The world of goldfish is a captivating one, filled with a myriad of colors, patterns, and body shapes. From the classic Common Goldfish to the intriguing Celestial Eye Goldfish, each type offers its own unique beauty and charm. Whether you prefer the elegant flowing fins of the Fantail or the mesmerizing eye bubbles of the Bubble Eye, goldfish provide a visually stunning and peaceful addition to any aquarium or pond.

When selecting a goldfish, it is essential to consider the specific care requirements and compatibility with other fish in your setup. Proper maintenance, water quality, and a balanced diet are vital for ensuring the health and well-being of your goldfish.

Whether you are an experienced goldfish enthusiast or a newcomer to the world of fishkeeping, exploring the diverse types of goldfish can be an exciting and rewarding experience. So, dive into this enchanting realm, choose your favorite varieties, and create a captivating aquatic display that will bring joy and serenity to your home. learn more about goldfish